Common Cold Symptoms | Common Cold Treatment | Viral Infection
Common Cold, a viral infection affects most people, especially in the winter season. Learn about the common cold symptoms and common cold treatment here.
Common Cold is a viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract but it mainly affects the nose with symptoms like sneezing and running nose. Whether drastic change in weather, heavy and sudden intake of frozen and chilled food and course infections are the major causes of the common cold which is also known as nasopharyngitis, rhinopharyngitis, and acute coryza by the medical community. Let us find out the causes of this viral infection, what are the common cold symptoms and how common cold treatment is usually done in this article.
How Does the Common Cold Spread?
There are more than 20 different viruses that cause the common cold and the symptoms vary depending upon the type of virus, person’s age, gender, and other health complications if any. Cold is contagious and its viruses are airborne which spread very fast from person to person. It spreads even faster among children as their resistance level is low. Though adults have a higher level of resistance, other factors such as anxiety, depression, and exposure to air pollution work as catalysts to spread the viral infection which is popularly called the common cold.
Common Cold Symptoms
Common cold symptoms depend upon person to person. This means that the symptoms of the common cold can vary for each individual. It also depends upon the type of cold.
Starting with running nose, sneezing, and watery eyes, it also causes stuffed head and breathing problems. The situation aggravates if the person already has respiratory diseases such as asthma. In such situations, nasal membranes swell, and breathing with the nose becomes difficult.
Sense of taste and smell disappear temporarily. Sore throat and repetitive cough, especially while lying down are also a symptom of cold cough heading towards a more serious issue. If the patient starts developing fever and joint pains after a few days, then the next stage of cough could be Influenza or Flu. There are various types of flu such as Asian Flu, Bird Flu, Swine Flu, therefore immediate medical attention should be given to the patient if the persistent cough is followed by high fever.
Though there is no medicine for common cold treatment, physicians prescribe anti-antibiotics that prevent bacterial growth and possible worsening of the situation in the form of Pneumonia.
Common Cold Treatment
Usually, the common cold and cough get cured naturally in a week or so. However, extra rest and sleep with an increased intake of liquids may provide relief from discomfort. Aspirin also works well for many people in effective common cold treatment. Self-medication with advanced medicines like antihistamines and nose drops must be avoided. If the situation is worsening with earaches, dry cough, or chest pain, then these things must be brought to the notice of the physician.
How to Prevent Common Cold
Regular intake of Vitamin C strengthens immune systems and helps in preventing viral infections such as the common cold. Avoid eating chilled food and beverages and keep stress levels under control. Pregnant women and elderly people with heart ailments and lung problems may go for inoculation to prevent cold. However, in that case, expert medical advice must be taken as self-medication may worsen the situation to severe levels.
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